Royal Mail bans postage of Lithium batteries

There are currently some 24,000 listings on eBay and 198,704 results on Amazon for Lithium batteries, but come January sellers will have to find alternatives to Royal Mail to ship them.

The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), Department for Transport and the Maritime and Coastguard Agency have agreed new rules with Royal Mail on what potentially dangerous goods can and cannot be transported safely through the post and that includes Lithium batteries.

Royal Mail already restricts or prohibits items from its network which are classed as low risk and currently all Lithium batteries should be shipped through business accounts. Anyone shipping Lithium batteries through 1st or 2nd class post is already breaking the rules.

Changes coming into effect on the 14th of January 2013 also include Aerosols, Alcohol, Nail Varnish and Perfume. The new rules will come into effect for all contract business customers sending to UK addresses and for all consumers and businesses sending items abroad.

Full details are available in the Royal Mail Prohibitions and restrictions in the domestic and international post pdf booklet

Why the change

As of October this year, 132 air incidents involving batteries have been recorded since the 20th of March, 1991. In 2010 a UPS cargo plane crashed in Dubai, and it was later reported that undeclared Lithium batteries were on board.

The problem with Lithium batteries is that even if they’re not the cause of the fire, they are not easy to extinguish once burning and if in a shipment of multiple batteries will easily set each other on fire. They should be declared as hazardous cargo.

What Royal Mail will be doing

Whilst it’s almost impossible for Royal Mail to catch every Lithium Battery posted in a Pillar Box, they will be stepping up screening, especially for shipments going by air. That includes all International shipments, but also a large number of domestic deliveries which are transported on a plane for some of their journey.

If Lithium batteries are found they will simply be destroyed, not returned to the sender. Sellers may or may not be notified and/or prosecuted, but regardless it will result in buyers not receiving their purchases.

Impact for marketplace sellers of batteries

If you sell Lithium batteries you should already be shipping them on a business account via Royal Mail tracked. Come January you won’t be able to ship them via Royal Mail unless they are being shipped (domestically and Internationally) when already installed in a device, or when shipped with a device (domestic post only).

If you sell Lithium batteries, including those to fit everything from watches to laptops and even rechargeable drills and somewhat perversely smoke alarms, then these replacement batteries will have to be shipped with an alternative carrier and you should be shipping them as hazardous goods.

I do sympathise with battery sellers, what was once a very low cost highly competitive market will now face increased costs and doubtless some sellers will either be unaware of Royal Mail’s policy changes or simply ignore them leading to uncompetitive pricing by those that do comply. Already many battery sellers are breaking the rules by shipping in stamped mail rather than through a business account.

Whilst shipping with an alternative carrier is likely to cost more, failure to comply with the legal requirements for the transport of dangerous goods puts lives at risk and is a criminal offence which may be subject to prosecution. It’s unlikely a consumer will be prosecuted for breaking the rules, but if you are a business routinely selling Lithium batteries then your marketplace seller reputation suffering from lost shipments could be the least of your worries.

Thanks to Stu of Urban 33 for highlighting this story

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So a battery for watch could not be shipped by Royal Mail alone,but a watch that contain battery can be shipped by Royal Mail?

Godot • 22nd November 2012 •

Exactly right

Chris Dawson • 22nd November 2012 •

Very few watch batteries are Lithium. Most are either Alkaline or Silver Oxide, and that's different. I assume this ban will only occur for 'Lithium' based batteries?

Nitbuntu • 22nd November 2012 •

Yes it's only lithium ion and lithium polymer batteries that are affected. Alkaline, NiMH and NiCd can be sent both domestically and internationally, so long as they're new, unopened in their original retail packaging, bubble wrapped and with the sender’s name and return address on the outer packaging.

Chris Dawson • 22nd November 2012 •

Great... that will make certain types of fruit machine battery that I sell unviable to send by post!

Alex Brown • 22nd November 2012 •

And how are ebay going to police this? Simplest method is to ban the listing of all batteries, nail varnish and perfume. After all do ebay want the hassle?

Gary • 22nd November 2012 •

Is it eBay's job to ban them? Should Amazon stop selling them and ban third party retailers from selling them? They're not illegal to buy and sell. It will simply be illegal to ship them via Royal Mail, but plenty of other carriers out there will happily transport them, albeit at an increased cost.

Chris Dawson • 22nd November 2012 •

So an "air incident" occurs and the root cause is traced back to an ebay seller. If I was ebay would I be prepared to accept this scenario? Looking at the stats above this appears to be a relatively high probability. Do ebay need this risk? One for ebay's legal team possibly? Which offers the greater risk for ebay? Batteries or Jimmy Saville?

Gary • 22nd November 2012 •

It would greatly surprise me if eBay didn't put out an announcement sooner or later...

Chris Dawson • 22nd November 2012 •

Ebay can not take the view that they have to ban the sale of them because one carrier says it wont ship them. what if say city link decides its not going to transport hard drives do ebay ban them as well. same with jimmy saville if they ban any stuff linked to him do they also ban all michael jackson stuff as he was accused of the same thing ebay cant start to take the moral high ground in anything they must remain impartial sorry this post was in reply to Gary the post above the one from Chris

hawkwind • 22nd November 2012 •

Basically I want ebay to continue in business. I basically don't care if battery sales are banned on ebay. If ebay get sanctioned by the federal authorities and go belly up on the back of a battery incident that has a big impact on my business model. Selfish I know but I see this as high risk for the ebay. ebay may see it differently and they may be right or wrong with any view that they have but why take the risk of being santioned by the FBI and other federal organisations in the first place? The few pennies earnt by ebay in the scheme of things would be totally insignificant if ebay were forced to close.

Gary • 22nd November 2012 •

Couldn't agree with you more... apart from the fact several people I know sell batteries and I wouldn't like to see them lose their income any more than I'd want to see you lose yours. It's not a case of banning batteries. It's a case of ensuring that they're shipped legally.

Chris Dawson • 22nd November 2012 •

, if your battered to death with a bible your still dead even though the book itself is beyond reproach,, ebay cant be responsible for the misuse of an item ,

rick • 22nd November 2012 •

ebay can be held entirely accountable for the actions of sellers who sell goods that are a hazard and risk to human health and well being and who use prohibited shipping methods and practices for such items in order to make their items appear more appealing to potential buyers.

Gary • 22nd November 2012 •

dont be daft of course they cant , if some one misuses a chainsaw sold on ebay to injure, ebay are not responsible

rick • 22nd November 2012 •

Ebay ban the sale of knifes. Why is this? Same principle applies to batteries in terms of prohibition. At the very least there should be no private seller selling batteries as you need a "business" shipping account. There are currently 755 "private" sellers offering lithium batteries for sale.

Gary • 22nd November 2012 •

ebay ban the sale of knives because silly buggers stick them in each other, it would take some doing to stab someone with a lithium battery

rick • 22nd November 2012 •

if Lithium batteries are so dangerous why do they allow mobiles, laptops, watches ipads, etc etc etc to be carried on by hundreds of passengers= hundreds if not thousands of Lithium batteries= multiple shipment

rick • 22nd November 2012 •

They don't! They travel by air freight or by container.

Gary • 22nd November 2012 •

passengers dont ? they carry the chuffin things with them?

rick • 22nd November 2012 •

Because generally passenger carried batteries are installed in equipment, that means there's little or no danger that they could come loose and the terminals short out. That's also the reason they'll still be allowed to be shipped internationally when pre-installed and "contained in a device", but not when "sent with a device".

Chris Dawson • 22nd November 2012 •

if you actually read the detail of the 131 reported icidents many include devices and not just the battery, one of the most unusual being, Initial report form Federal Express indicated that a smoking unit load device was discovered at the Memphis, TN airport facility. Inspection revealed the contents of the ULD included a smoking and burning self-propelled surf board.

rick • 22nd November 2012 •

Hi Do you have the link to the 'full policy' change, I often sell perfume and I would like to see how this affects the sale of perfume, by the looks of it, from the discussions here it can still go by 'surface' but not by 'air'. can it still travel safely within the UK, or does it just affect 'international' sales?

Moom • 22nd November 2012 •

Click the "Prohibitions and restrictions in the domestic and international post pdf booklet" link in the article above :-)

Chris Dawson • 22nd November 2012 •

Doh - Didn't see that!!!

Moom • 22nd November 2012 •

I suppose the chinese sellers are already making the devices that will ship for free with thier batteries then...

steve • 22nd November 2012 •

. Having ordered 4 separate lots of NiMH batteries from HK sellers & none arriving, it appears the main excuse is that their customs [in HK] are not allowing batteries to be sent atall.

Gerry007 • 22nd November 2012 •

Bummer! My whole business consists of selling perfumes/perfume collectables on ebay. It looks like the new rules will prohibit perfumes and aftershaves to be sent abroad from January. Can anyone suggest an alternative service that would cost £3.30 to send a small packet to Australia? Foreign customers are like 40% of my business. This is the most annoying thing ever!

Andre • 22nd November 2012 •

eBay CANNOT be held accountable for sellers using Royal Mail to send batteries. BUT... a simple "hey look we're trying" solution would be to prevent you listing in the category "batteries" and listing postage as "Royal Mail 1st, Royal Mail 2nd" etc. Of course a seller can work around it and just put "standard delivery" but that is clearly the seller in breach not eBay.

Danny • 23rd November 2012 •

so what about all the perfectly safe batteries?

rick • 23rd November 2012 •